It is common knowledge that spoken language appeared long before any writing system. The latter form of communication is a significantly more complex phenomenon. Furthermore, it is a lot more than just a representation of oral speech. As you may have already understood, we dedicate this article to numerous features of written language.
The first particularity is the conservative nature. Written language needs time to absorb changes in conversational speech. The evidence of this is noticeable when we compare the spelling of the word with pronunciation. It differs, for example, in such languages as English, Russian, French, or Spanish.
The written system preserved the initial form of speaking. However, fluency has made people simplify certain words. Some sounds became shorter while others changed completely or merely disappeared. For this reason, oral and writing communication are not the same.
That is where another feature of written language comes from. People require training before writing their first word. Children go to school to master the correct spelling and grammatical rules. They spend months learning how to write their first sentence. Without this rite of passage heritage of written language would not be passed to other generations.
Continuity of this process highlights the cultural value of writing. No doubt, writing blessed us with an impressive number of historical marks. For instance, due to the language reforms of Peter the Saint, the Russian language became significantly simpler. Of course, there were fewer changes in ordinary speech. Nowadays, this piece of information helps accomplished archeologists distinguish epochs in Russian history.
Sentences in written form also differ from spoken language. Firstly, it has a more complex sentence structure. When a person writes, one uses whole sentences and includes high figures of speech. Due to this, written language is often redundant and has formal sound.
The word choice supports this fact too. People avoid using slang and broken sentences when writing. We not only see this as a negative tone but also as a barrier to conveying the message. The written language does not have intonation to back it up. So, the core idea often hides behind the grammar and varied, but at the same time, concise vocabulary.
All in all, writing systems became a unique form of communication between people. Undoubtedly, it has numerous features that distinguish it from everyday conversations. Despite the fact of late appearance, written language ensures the preservation of traditions better than any other means of communication. We hope this article has inspired you to investigate peculiarities in the written form of your language. The writing can be a great starting point to appreciate it more!